asthma is a lung disease that affects the airways, It causes obstruction of the airways. Airways plays a very important role as it is responsible for carrying air in and out from lungs. If a person suffering from asthma the muscles surrounding the bronchi constrict, impeding the outward passage of stale air. When your breathing stale air you are not getting oxygenated properly.
What causes asthma? We don't know there is some genetic and environmental factors to cause asthma usually early on in life. These factor include your Parents have asthma, Certain respiratory infections during childhood.
Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune system is developing.
What causes an asthma attack well it is causes by what we call triggers and trigger can be from a variety of different things but here are some examples.
1. Animal dander
2. Dust mites
4. Strong smells (bleach is a huge trigger, also perfume)
5. Tobacco smoke
What happens during an asthma attack?
When you have an asthma attack the airways can close so much that vital organs do not get enough oxygen as needed. An asthma attack is constriction and inflammation process the combination of these two things working against your normal breathing process.
What are signs and symptoms of asthma?
1. Coughing from asthma often is worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep.
2. Wheezing is a whistling or squeaky sound that occurs when you breathe.
3. Chest tightness, this may feel like something is squeezing or sitting on your chest.
4. Shortness of breath
5. When someone is having an asthma attack their cough is high pitched and they may also vomit up large amount of phlegm due to the inflammation.
How Can Asthma Be Prevented?
Currently, asthma can't be prevented you can take steps to control the disease and prevent its symptoms.
Learn about your asthma and how to control it.
Use medicines as your doctor prescribes.
Identify and try to avoid things that make your asthma worse (asthma triggers).
Get regular checkups for your asthma.
This is a brief description of asthma, If you think you have asthma you should make an appointment with your physician for treatment.
If you are having difficulty breath seek immediate medical services/ visit the Emergency room for diagnosis and treatment.